Cannaceae Juss.
  • Juss., Gen. Pl.: 62 (1789)


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Perennial, rhizomatous, glabrous herbs; aerial shoots unbranched, with green leaves. Leaves distichously to spirally arranged along the stem, composed of an open sheath and an entire lamina with closely set, pinnately arranged, parallel, secondary veins, lower side often glaucous or lanuginose; lamina supervolute in bud. Inflorescence terminal, bracteate, sympodially branched or simple, with 1- or 2-flowered cincinni. Flowers asymmetric, perfect, epigynous, pentacyclic, 3-merous; sepals composed of 3, free, slightly unequal, imbricate sepals; corolla composed of 3, unequal, imbricate petals, basally connate into a tube; androecium essentially composed of two 3-merous whorls, the inner whorl composed of 1 petaloid stamen, the staminode previously called ‘labellum’, and often a second inner staminode, the outer whorl composed of 0–2 staminodes; staminodes petaloid, varying in number; stamen with a solitary monothecal, 2-sporangiate, marginal anther; style petaloid, stigmatic areas terminal and marginal; floral tube formed by the connate parts of petals, staminodes, stamen, and style; ovary inferior, 3-locular, with numerous, anatropous ovules arranged on axile placentae in 2 alternating rows per locule, septal nectaries 3, opening by holes into the base of the floral tube. Fruit a capsule, crowned by the persistent sepals, loculicidally dehiscent or seeds released by the breakdown of the capsule wall, wall tuberculate. Seeds numerous, exarillate, with imbibition lid, copious perisperm, and straight embryo. 

Included Genus

  Bibliography

  • 1 de Jussieu, A.L. Original publication of Cannaceae. (1789).
  • 2 Maas-Van de Kamer, H. & Maas, P.J.M. The Cannaceae of the World. BlumeaBlumea 53, 247-318 (2008).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • B See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.