Limodorum Boehm.
  • Boehm., Defin. Gen. Pl.: 358 (1760)
  • Лимодорум

This is a synonym of Neottieae Lindl.

General Description

Leafless, holomycotrophic, terrestrial herbs with little or no chlorophyll. Roots thick, fleshy. Stem erect, glabrous, enclosed by violet, scale-like sheaths. Inflorescence terminal, racemose, erect. Flowers resupinate, showy, or cleistogamous and not opening fully, pale to dark violet or rose-pink, rarely white. Sepals and petals free. Dorsal sepal erect or curving forward, convex. Lateral sepals spreading, flat. Petals spreading. Labellum spurred, entire or obscurely lobed at the apex, horizontal or deflexed, margin undulate, disc ecallose, glabrous. Column erect, with a reduced foot; pollinia two, powdery, soft, caudicles absent; stigma trilobed, viscidium solitary, ellipsoid, bursicles absent. (JW).


Limodorum species frequent open to shady areas in mixed Mediterranean garigue, maquis, pine and oak forests, oak scrub and oak/beech woodland in southwest Asia, roadsides, and occasionally grasslands. They occur in calcareous, alkaline or, less often, schistose substrates from sea level to 2300 m. (JW)


Three or four species distributed in central and southern Europe, southwest Asia and north Africa. (JW).


Plants are occasionally seen in specialist collections. (JW).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Algeria
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • Western Asia Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Turkey
  • Europe Eastern Europe Krym
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Switzerland
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Baleares
  • Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain

Common Names



 Information From

OpenUp Common Names
Common Names from the OpenUp! Common Names Service
  • A All Rights Reserved
WCS higher taxonomy
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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