Leafless, holomycotrophic, terrestrial herbs with little or no chlorophyll. Roots thick, fleshy. Stem erect, glabrous, enclosed by violet, scale-like sheaths. Inflorescence terminal, racemose, erect. Flowers resupinate, showy, or cleistogamous and not opening fully, pale to dark violet or rose-pink, rarely white. Sepals and petals free. Dorsal sepal erect or curving forward, convex. Lateral sepals spreading, flat. Petals spreading. Labellum spurred, entire or obscurely lobed at the apex, horizontal or deflexed, margin undulate, disc ecallose, glabrous. Column erect, with a reduced foot; pollinia two, powdery, soft, caudicles absent; stigma trilobed, viscidium solitary, ellipsoid, bursicles absent. (JW).
Limodorum species frequent open to shady areas in mixed Mediterranean garigue, maquis, pine and oak forests, oak scrub and oak/beech woodland in southwest Asia, roadsides, and occasionally grasslands. They occur in calcareous, alkaline or, less often, schistose substrates from sea level to 2300 m. (JW)