Manniella Rchb.f.
  • Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 109 (1881)


This is a synonym of Manniellinae Schltr.

General Description

Stem short, erect, terete, few-leaved. Leaves with a long-petiolate base dilating into an amplexicaul sheath at base; lamina ovate, green and sometimes tessellated with white spots. Inflorescence pubescent; peduncle slender, bearing several well-spaced, lanceolate, sheathing bracts; floral bracts glabrous, subequal in length to the pedicel plus ovary. Flowers resupinate, glabrous or pubescent on outer surfaces of sepals, not opening widely, pinkish brown. Dorsal sepal forming with the petals a deeply concave hood over the column. Lateral sepals spreading above, connate and forming a spur-like mentum below, narrower than the dorsal sepal; mentum adnate to the ovary for its entire length. Petals obliquely oblong, upper margins adnate to dorsal sepal. Labellum united below to the lateral sepals; hypochile cucullate, with erect sides, oblong when spread, margins papillate, basal half containing rows of fleshy appendages, base with two marginal, reflexed or backwards- directed, fleshy calli; epichile broadly ovate or deeply calceiform, shortly apiculate or emarginate. Column with a nectary adnate to ovary; anther transversely oblong; pollinia bipartite, attached by short caudicles to viscidium; rostellum apex retuse; stigma oval, plate-like; staminodes falcate, wing-like, lateral on either side of the anther cap and enclosing it, scalloped on margins. Ovary narrowly obconical, geniculate or straight, glabrous or pubescent, untwisted. Capsule elliptic-conical. Seeds not seen. (PC).

Ecology

Manniella gustavi and M. cypripedioides Salazar, T. Franke, Zapfack & Benkeen occur in deep shade of damp evergreen forests up to 1200m. (PC).

Distribution

A genus of two species endemic to tropical Africa. One is widespread from Sierra Leone to Uganda and Zaire, the other from Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea (Salazar et al., in press). (PC).

Uses

Lawler (1984) reported that fluid from the entire plant of M. gustavi was used in the Congo as a poison antidote and purgative as well as a treatment for infertile women. (AP). CULTIVATION. Manniella is not known in CULTIVATION. (PC).

Literature

Otia Bot. Hamburg. 109 (1881); F.T.A. 7: 185.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • West Tropical Africa Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Gabon
  • Gulf of Guinea Is.
  • Zaire

  Bibliography

 Information From

Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
WCS higher taxonomy
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.