Acanthephippium Blume
  • Blume, Bijdr.: 353 (1825)


This is a synonym of Collabieae Pfitzer

General Description

Terrestrial herbs. Stem erect, developing into a conical, erect pseudobulb after anthesis, covered by green cataphylls when young, new shoot developing from base of a mature one, comprising a leafy shoot and a fertile one. Leaves 3–4, apical, chartaceous, suberect-spreading, plicate-venose, petiolate. Inflorescence shorter than leaves, racemose, glabrous, erect; floral bracts lanceolate, persistent. Flowers urn-shaped. Dorsal sepal free, porrect. Lateral sepals oblique at base, adnate to column foot to form a broad to tapering mentum. Petals concealed within the sepals, much smaller than sepals, oblanceolate. Labellum attached to apex of column foot, mobile, clawed at base, trilobed above, lacking a spur, lateral lobes erect, midlobe smaller, recurved, callus of several linear ridges. Column winged, with a prominent, incurved column foot; anther terminal, incumbent, glabrous, pollinia ellipsoidal-pyriform, eight in two groups of four, each with two smaller pollinia in front and two larger ones behind; stigma ovate; rostellum truncate. Ovary often sparsely and finely pubescent. Capsule erect, fusiform, ridged, produced on an elongated pedicel. (PC).

Ecology

These are plants of the floor of primary forest, often in deep shade in leaf litter, often near streams or rivers, at elevations of 500–1400 m. (PC).

Distribution

Acanthephippium comprises a dozen species from southern and eastern Asia to southern Japan, the Malay Archipelago, the Philippines, New Guinea, and the southwest Pacific islands to Fiji and New Caledonia. (PC).

Uses

Lawler (1984) noted that leaves of A. papuanum Schltr. were used by the Kukukuku in New Guinea to wrap food for baking and that parts of A. mantinianum Linden & Cogn. are used to prepare a glue. A few species are known to be in cultivation, chiefly A. mantinianum, A. striatum Lindl., and A. sylhetense. (AP).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Eastern Asia Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Pacific Southwestern Pacific Fiji
  • New Caledonia
  • Samoa
  • Tonga
  • Vanuatu
  • Wallis-Futuna Is.

  Bibliography

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • B See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.