Podochilus Blume
  • Blume, Bijdr.: 295 (1825)


This is a synonym of Eriinae Benth.

General Description

Epiphytic or lithophytic (rarely terrestrial) herbs, often forming dense mats. Stems tufted, leafy, erect to spreading, nonpseudobulbous. Leaves distichous, lying in one plane by twisting of sheathing bases, not articulated to sheaths. Inflorescence terminal, racemose, rarely exceeding 2 cm long; floral bracts persistent. Flowers resupinate, white or green, often with purple markings. Sepals and petals similar, adnate at base or free. Lateral sepals adnate to column foot, often forming a spur-like mentum. Petals smaller than sepals. Labellum entire or obscurely trilobed and cordate-sagittate, disc with a simple or bilobed basal appendage. Column with an upcurved foot, laterally adnate to lateral sepals in P. marsupialis Schuit.; anther erect, pollinia four, on a solitary or two separate, forked caudicles, viscidium solitary or two, ovate to elliptic; stigma entire; rostellum erect. (JW).

Ecology

Species of Podochilus are commonly trunk epiphytes from sea level to 2000 m. They occur in lowland and hill dipterocarp, mangrove, riparian, and lower montane forests, and also in lowstature forests on ultramafic substrates. They favour constantly damp, humid locations such as mossy saplings, tree boles, and rocks, often near water. (JW).

Distribution

Podochilus comprises about 60 species distributed from India, China, and Sri Lanka south to Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, and the southwest Pacific islands. (JW)

Uses

There are no uses recorded for Podochilus, and plants are rare in cultivation. (JW).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Cambodia
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Australasia Australia Queensland

Included Species

  Bibliography

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • B See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.