Pterygodium catholicum (L.) Sw.
  • Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 218 (1800) 


Notes: Distribution: SW. & S. Cape Prov.

General Description

plant 1/2–1 ft. high; stem moderately stout, somewhat flexuous; leaves 2 or rarely 3, distant, sessile, sheathing at the base, somewhat spreading, oblong or elliptic-oblong, subobtuse or apiculate, the lower 2–5 in. long, upper much smaller; scapes 1/2–1 ft. high; spikes 1–2 in. long, loosely 3–8-flowered; bracts ovate-lanceolate, shortly acuminate, 5–7 lin. long; pedicels 4–5 lin. long; flowers large, pale sulphur-yellow, rarely with orange-red petals and lip; dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, subobtuse, subconcave, subacute, with a distinct rounded sac near the apex, 5 lin. long; lateral sepals widely spreading, obliquely ovate, shortly acuminate and curved at the apex, subsaccate at the base, 5 lin. long; petals cohering with the dorsal sepal into an expanded limb, very oblique, broadly elliptic-oblong, subacute at the inner angle, broadly auriculate at the base, with a crenulate outer margin, 5–6 lin. long; lip broadly rhomboid-orbicular, subobtuse, very undulate, reflexed, 2 lin. long; appendage ovate-oblong, obscurely 3-lobed about the middle, obtuse, recurved at the apex, base broad, upper half narrow and crenulate, 4 lin. long; column short; arms of the rostellum auriculate, concave, 1 1/2 lin. long.

Distribution

South Africa Tulbagh Div.; Tulbagh, {i}Pappe{/i}, 25! {i}Schlechter{/i}. Worcester Div.; without precise locality, {i}Cooper{/i}, 1672! 1698! Cape Div.; Hills and Flats near Cape Town, {i}Thunberg{/i}! {i}Wallich{/i}! {i}Krauss{/i}, 1324, {i}Zeyher{/i}, 3941! {i}Prior{/i}! {i}Milne{/i}, 2! {i}Pappe{/i}, 24! {i}Ecklon & Zeyher{/i}! {i}Bunbury{/i}, 259! {i}Alexander{/i}! {i}Bolus{/i}, 3931! and in {i}MacOwan & Bolus, Herb. Norm. Austr.-Afr.{/i} 174! {i}Bowie{/i}! {i}Bergius, Mund, Tyson{/i}, 2086, {i}Kässner, Ecklon{/i}, 672! {i}Wilms{/i}, 3658! {i}Wolley-Dod{/i}, 501! {i}Schlechter{/i}, 1339! Constantia Mountains, {i}Zeyher{/i}! {i}Rogers{/i}, 377! 448! Muizen Berg, {i}Wolley-Dod{/i}, 1930! Waai Vley, {i}Wolley-Dod{/i}, 2180! Red Hill, {i}Mrs. Jameson{/i}! Simons Bay, {i}Wright{/i}! {i}MacGillivray{/i}, 470! Stellenbosch Div.; near Stellenbosch, {i}Lloyd in Herb. Sanderson{/i}, 935! Caledon Div.; Genadendal, 3000–4000 ft., {i}Drège{/i}, 1254 a! Swellendam Div.; near Swellendam, {i}Bowie{/i}! Mossel Bay Div.; Attaquas Kloof, {i}Gill{/i}! George Div.; near George, {i}Bowie{/i}! {i}Prior{/i}! Port Elizabeth Div.; Algoa Bay, {i}Forbes{/i}!

South Africa without locality, {i}Sparrman{/i}! {i}Brown{/i}! {i}Masson{/i}! {i}Oldenburg{/i}, 85! {i}Carmichael{/i}! {i}Zeyher{/i}, 1573, partly! 3942! 3943! {i}Harvey{/i}, 147! {i}Thom{/i}, 38! 1175! {i}Hesse{/i}, 4! {i}Mund{/i}! {i}Wright{/i}, 740!

Literature

in Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockh. 1800, 218;—Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schult. 22; Ker in Quart. Journ. Sci. and Arts, vi. 46, t. 1, fig. 3; Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orch. 366; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Documente, 116; Krauss in Flora, 1845, 306, and Fl. Capund Natal. 158; Sond. in Linnæa, xx. 220; Bolus in Trans. S. Afr. Phil. Soc. v. 184, Orch. Cap. Penins. 184, and in Journ. Linn. Soc. xxv. 208; Durand & Schinz, Conspect. Fl. Afr. v. 117; Schlechter in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1 re sér. vi. 813; Kränzl. Orch. Gen. et Sp. i. 856, excl. syn. Linn. f., and in Ann. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien, xx. 10.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces

  Bibliography

  • 1 Liltved, W.R. & Johnson, S.D. (2012). The Cape orchids. A regional monograph of the orchids of the Cape floristic region 1: 1-483. Sandstone editions, Cape Town.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 (By R. A. Rolfe.) (1913) Orchideæ. Flora Capensis 5 (3)

 Information From

Flora Capensis
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora Capensis. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
WCS higher taxonomy
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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