Remusatia vivipara (Roxb.) Schott
  • H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, Melet. Bot.: 18 (1832) 

Notes: Distribution: Trop. & Subtrop. Old World

General Description

Epiphytic on trees by streams and associated with fern roots, or in moist. cracks in rocks; flowers appearing rarely and during leafless stage, spathe greenish cream coloured, spadix whitish; bulbiliferous shoot leafless and brown.

Seasonally dormant, rupicolous or epiphytic herb. Tuber subglobose, 2–4 cm. in diameter, covered in brown fibrous cataphyll remnants. Bulbils ovoid, 0.4–0.5 cm. long, green, covered in numerous tightly-overlapping glume-like scales with aristate recurved tips, borne in clusters at nodes of several erect aerial copper-coloured sympodial axes, each about 20 cm. long, arising from tuber and bearing small brown scale leaves. Leaves 1–2, often solitary, petiole green, terete, 30–40 cm. long; blade broadly peltate, ovate-cordate, 20–30 cm. long, 14–19 cm. broad, or larger, bright green, acute-acuminate, base with parabolic sinus ± 3 cm. long. Inflorescence rarely seen, subtended by several broadly oblong cataphylls. Peduncle 9–12 cm. long. Spathe 7–11 cm. long; tube ovoid, 2–3 cm. long, green, strongly constricted at apex; limb subcircular to broadly spathulate, 6–8 cm. long, 5–6.5 cm. broad, creamy yellow, reflexed at maturity. Spadix 3–4.5 cm. long; staminate part clavate, creamy white, 0.7–1.3 cm. long, 0.5 cm. in diameter; intermediate sterile part conic, ± 1.1 cm. long, 0.2 cm. in diameter; pistillate part subcylindric, green, ± 1.8 cm. long, 0.8 cm. in diameter. Fig. 11.


HAB. Riverine forest; 900–1000 m.

Epiphytic on trees by streams and associated with fern roots, or in moist. cracks in rocks


Iv. C.: Mt. Tonkoui Mangenot, Miége & Aké Assi IA 2436. Tiapleu forest Aké Assi IA 3292; IA 5705.

Lib.: (leaf May, bulbiliferous shoot Oct.) Harley 1638!

Guin.: Ditinn Chev. 12839; 18500; 18531. Iles de Los, Conakry Mugnier-Serand 11!

S. L.: Musaia (Sept.) Deighton, 4501! Roruks (Oct.) Deighton 4378! Kamasu (Dec.) Deighton 3824! Mafori (Oct.) Adames 138! Kameron to Kurubonla Morton SL 2503! Mano (Oct.) Deighton 4503!

Tanzania near Mahenge Station, Issongo, 31 Jan. 1932, Schlieben 1697!

W. Cam.: Metschum Falls, Bamenda (Aug.) Savory UCI 307!


Melet. 1: 18 (1932); Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 521; Aké Assi, Contrib. 2: 21 [229].

in Schott & Endl., Melet. Bot.: 18 (1832); Engl. in N.B.G.B. 5: 300 (1913); Krause in E.P. 71 (IV. 23E): 16, fig. 4A–M (1920); Robyns in Ann. Soc. Sci. Brux., sér. B, 51: 222 (1931); Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 122 (1968); Bogner in Fl. Madag. 31: 28 (1975); Nicolson in Fl. Hassan Distr.: 788, t. 13, fig. 117 (1976).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Ethiopia
  • Socotra
  • South Tropical Africa Zambia
  • West Tropical Africa Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman
  • Yemen
  • China China South-Central
  • Tibet
  • Eastern Asia Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Christmas I.
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Australasia Australia Northern Territory
  • Queensland


  • 1 Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • 2 Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • 3 Haigh, A. & Boyce, P.C. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 12(1): 1-54. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 5 Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • 6 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 7 George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2. Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

 Information From

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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