Afrothismia Schltr.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 138 (1906) 

Notes: Distribution: Nigeria to Kenya and Malawi

General Description

Small, fleshy, saprophytic herbs. Underground stem with clusters of tuberous bulbils producing a filamentous root from each bulbil. Stem usually simple. Leaves sparse, small, scale-like. Flowers relatively large. Perianth geniculate or zygomorphic; tube narrowly urceolate, with internal flange ± at middle, distinctly lobed or not; tepals 6, subequal, narrowly triangular, acuminate, free, hastate, the basal extensions free from the upper mouth of the perianth-tube or not; perianth and ovary-wall deciduous after flowering. Stamens 6; filaments basally fused to lower part of perianth-tube below flange, free upper part incurved, with anthers hanging and attached to the stigma by the anther-connective; thecae dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary obovoid, 1-locular, with 3 parietal placentas fused into a column at the base, free above; ovules ellipsoid; funicles filiform, equal to or slightly longer than the ovules; style short and thick; stigma lobed, funnel-shaped. Seeds ellipsoid with loose reticulate testa.


in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 38: 138 (1906); Jonker, Monogr. Burmanniac. 222 (1938).

in E.J. 38: 138 (1906) & in N.B.G.B. 8: 43 (1921); Jonker in Med. Bot. Mus. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 51: 222 (1938); Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 180 (1968)

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • South Tropical Africa Malawi
  • West Tropical Africa Nigeria
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Gabon


  • 1 Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • 3 E.J. Cowley (1988) Burmanniaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 0 (0)
  • 4 F.n. Hepper (1968) Burmanniaceae. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3 (1)

 Information From

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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