Burmannia L.
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 287 (1753)


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Erect annual or perennial herbs, saprophytic or not, usually unbranched, green or not, 3-40 cm. high. Stems with small alternate colourless scale-like leaves. Basal leaves usually minute, lanceolate, scale-like, up to 2 mm. long, or a basal rosette of larger, linear, imbricate green leaves, sometimes very few in number. Inflorescence terminal, sometimes a single flower, or a dense cyme of 2-30 flowers. Perianth regular, blue, white, or rarely yellow; tube cylindric or trigonous, prominently 3-angled, winged, ridged or not; tepals 3 or 6, persistent; inner tepals smaller than triangular outer tepals, or lacking. Stamens 3, in the perianth-tube below the inner tepals, sessile or subsessile, basifixed; thecae globose or clavate, dehiscing transversely; connective with entire or forked to bilobed crest above and sometimes with basal spur. Ovary 3-locular, with axil placentas, often 3-winged with the perianth; style entire or shortly 3-lobed, equal to the perianth-tube; stigma terminal on style or style-branches. Capsule 3-angled or 3-winged, crowned by persistent perianth, dehiscing irregularly by slits between the wings. Seeds ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose; testa thin, reticulate or striate, usually adpressed.

Literature

Sp. Pl.: 287 (1753) & Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 139 (1754); G.P. 3(2): 457 (1883); C.H. Wright in F.T.A. 7: 11 (1897) & in Fl. Cap. 5(3): 2 (1913); Jonker in Med. Bot. Mus. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 51: 57 (1938); H. Perrier in Fl. Madag. 48: 2 (1946); Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 179 (1968); Geerinck in F.C.B., Burmanniaceae: 3 (1970)

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Chad
  • Sudan
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Botswana
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Northern Provinces
  • West Tropical Africa Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Gabon
  • Rwanda
  • Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Madagascar
  • Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia Bismarck Archipelago
  • New Guinea
  • Australasia Australia New South Wales
  • Northern Territory
  • Queensland
  • Western Australia
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Southeast
  • North-Central U.S.A. Oklahoma
  • South-Central U.S.A. Texas
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Alabama
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Virginia
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil Northeast
  • Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Brazil West-Central
  • Caribbean Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Jamaica
  • Puerto Rico
  • Trinidad-Tobago
  • Central America Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panamá
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Paraguay
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

Included Species

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 3 E.J. Cowley (1988) Burmanniaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 0 (0)

 Information From

Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
WCS higher taxonomy
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.