Cyperus angolensis Boeckeler
  • Flora 63: 435 (1880) 

Notes: Distribution: Trop. & S. Africa

General Description

Perennial from a stout creeping rhizome with firm, rough, grey-green leaves up to 1 cm. wide, erect stems to 1 m. high and a hemispherical white head up to 2 cm. across of coarse Mariscus-like spikelefcs subtended by spreading bracts; anthers large, yellow; montane savanna, conspicuous after burning.

Rhizome oblique, 4 by 1/8– 1/6 in., clothed by stout ovate acute striate pale brown scales 1/2– 2/3 in. long. Stem solitary on the rhizome, 4–12 in. long. Leaves often as long as the stem, 1/6 in. broad. Bracts and head as of C. compactus, Lam.


; montane savanna, conspicuous after burning.


Angola Huilla; on dry hills near Lake Ivantala, 5000 ft., Welwitsch, 6838! Golungo Alto; Sobato de Bumba, Welwitsch, 6813! marshy banks of the River Quiapoze, Welwitsch, 7014! Malange, Mechow, 182!

Nyasaland Mount Mlanji, Whyte! Mount Zomba, 3000–6000 ft., Whyte! Mount Malosa, 4000–6000 ft., Whyte!

Congo Kimuenza, Gillet, 1740!

Ghana: Banda, Ashanti (Mar.) Morton GC 8634!

N. Nig.: Vom, Jos Plateau Dent Young 259! Bida, Bornu Dist. (June) Vaillant 876! Kakara, Mambila Plateau (Jan.) Hepper 1777! Mai Idoanu to Ngoroje, Mambila Plateau (Feb.) Latilo & Daramola FHI 34466! Vogel Peak, 5,500 ft. (Mar.) J. Hall 1084!

S. L.: Loma Mts. (Feb.–Aug.) Jaeger 6818! 9548! Gledhill 357! Morton SL 3641!

Congo Zenze, Laurent! Mukenge, Pogge, 1604! 1605! Mpala, Descamps, 10! Wba Kionde, Dupuis! Mission Caba, Zilmann, 14! and without precise locality, Dewèvre, 275!


in Flora, 1880, 435. —Durand & Schinz, Études Fl. Congo, i. 283.

in Flora 63: 435 (1880); F.T.A. 8: 321; Kük. l.c. 281.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Malawi
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Northern Provinces
  • West Tropical Africa Ghana
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Gabon
  • Rwanda
  • Zaire


  • 1 Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • 2 Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • 3 Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • 4 Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 5 Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • 6 Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • 7 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 8 Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical Africa
Flora of Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
  • C All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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