Cyperus corymbosus Rottb.
  • Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 42 (1773) 

Notes: Distribution: Africa to Indo-China, Trop. America

General Description

Stem at the top round, or round trigonous, not (or very obscurely) transversely septate when dry. Leaves (i.e. the green portion) attaining sometimes 5 in. in length, but usually very short or hardly any. Bracts usually 1/4– 3/4 the height of the umbel, but sometimes overtopping it. Spikes less clustered; otherwise as C. articulatus.

glabrous; stolons stout, becoming a thick woody rhizome; stems 2–3 ft. long, stout, trigonous at the top, very obscurely transverse-septate; leaves 0, or uppermost short; rays of umbel up to 3–6 in. long; bracts 3–4, usually 1 1/2–3 in. long, suberect, keeled; Spikelets numerous, loosely or closely spicate, 1/3–1 by 1/16 in., compressed, 10–18-flowered, straw-coloured with red marks; rhachilla scarious-winged; Glumes ovate, subobtuse, hardly keeled; stamens 3; anthers linear, not crested; nut scarcely 1/2 the length of the glume, trigonous, obovoid; style shorter than the nut, branches 3 linear, longish.


South Africa Natal; near the mouth of the Umzimkulu River, {i}Drège{/i}, 4406!

Angola Pungo Andongo; banks of the River Lombe Welwitsch, 6937!


Descr. et Ic. 42, t. 7, fig. 4. —C. B. Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vi. 612, in Durand & Schinz, Conspect. Fl. Afr. v. 554, and in Dyer, Fl. Cap. vii. 181; Rendle in Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. ii. 116.

Descr. et Ic. 42, t. 7, fig. 4;—C. B. Clarke in Journ. Linn. Soc. xx. 292, xxi. 158, and in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vi. 612.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Chad
  • Northern Africa Algeria
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Mozambique
  • Southern Africa KwaZulu-Natal
  • Northern Provinces
  • West Tropical Africa Ivory Coast
  • Togo
  • Western Indian Ocean Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate Western Asia Iraq
  • Palestine
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast
  • Caribbean Cuba
  • Northern South America Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
Introduced into
  • Australasia Australia Western Australia


  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • 3 Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • 4 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 5 Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 6 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 7 Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical Africa
Flora of Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora Capensis
Flora Capensis. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
  • C All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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