Eriocaulon africanum Hochst.
  • Flora 28: 340 (1845) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Zaïre to S. Africa

General Description

leaves 1/2–2 1/2 in. long, 1/2–1 1/2 lin. broad, linear-subulate, subacute or somewhat obtuse at the apex, concave down the face; scapes 1–4 to a plant, 2 1/2–8 in. long, 3/4–1 lin. thick, terete, striate in the dried state; basal sheath 3/4–2 in. long, unequally 3–5-lobed at the apex; flower-heads subglobose, 3–4 lin. in diam., monœcious, lower flowers female, inner male; involucral bracts 3/4–1 1/4 lin. long, 1/2–1 1/4 lin. broad, elliptic or orbicular, obtuse, pallid, glabrous; flowering bracts 1–1 1/3 lin. long, 2/3– 3/4 lin. broad, obovate, obtuse, or the inner ones acute, concave, glabrous, blackish; receptacle cushion-like, with very minute papilliform points upon it; female flowers shortly pedicellate; sepals 3, free, about 3/4 lin. long, boat-shaped, rounded on the back and somewhat gibbous, acute or subacute and incurved at the apex, blackish-green, ciliate and clothed on the back with white hairs; stipes between the calyx and corolla very short; petals 3, free, rather more than 1 lin. long, 1/4– 1/3 lin. broad, cuneate-obovate, obtuse, white, with an oblong or subquadrate black gland near the apex and ciliate with white hairs; ovary trigonous, glabrous; style with 3 filiform branches; male flowers with glabrous pedicels 1/3– 1/2 lin. long; sepals 3, about 3/4 lin. long, 1/2 lin. broad, cuneate-oblong, obtuse or subtruncate, very concave, rounded on the back, blackish-green, with white hairs at the tips; petals 1/2– 3/4 lin. long, 1/3 lin. broad, obovate, obtuse, ciliate and hairy on the inner face at the apex, white, with an oblong black gland a little below it; stamens 6; anthers white.


South Africa Griqualand East; banks of the Umzimkulu River, near Clydesdale and near Handcocks Drift, 2500 ft., {i}Tyson{/i}, 1299! 2551! {i}MacOwan and Bolus, Herb. Norm. Aust. Afr.{/i}, 1203! Natal; Umgeni River, near Pietermaritzburg, {i}Krauss{/i}, 375!


in Flora, 1845, 340;—Steud. Synops. Glum. ii. 272; Körnicke in Linnæa, xxvii. 649.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Northern Provinces


  • 1 Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • 3 (By N. E. Brown.) (1900) Eriocauleæ. Flora Capensis 7 (0)

 Information From

Flora Capensis
Flora Capensis. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
  • B All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.