Eriocaulon latifolium Sm.
  • A.Rees, Cycl. 13: s.p. (1809) 

Notes: Distribution: W. Trop. Africa to Zambia

General Description

Stemless. Leaves all radical, 2–8 or more in. long, 1–4 lin. broad, linear, subacute or somewhat obtuse, flat, thin, many-nerved, glabrous. Peduncles 1–6 to a plant, 5–12 in. long, 2/3–1 lin. thick, 7-ribbed, glabrous, their basal sheaths 2–4 in. long, oblique at the mouth, acute, glabrous. Heads monœcious, with the male flowers in the centre, 3–4 lin. in diam., hemispherical or subglobose, white-villous. Involucral-bracts in 4–5 series, glabrous, entire, light brown; innermost 1–1 1/4 lin. long, 1/2 lin. broad, obovate-oblong, obtuse; outermost orbicular often broader than long. Flowering-bracts about 1 lin. long, 1/4– 1/3 lin. broad, linear-oblanceolate or cuneate-oblong, acute, light brownish or fuscous, densely bearded with white hairs on the apical part. Receptacle glabrous. Female flowers very numerous, pedicellate. Sepals 3, subequal, 3/4–1 lin. long, 1/6– 1/4 lin. broad, oblong or cuneate-oblong, boat-shaped, obtuse, very pale brownish-white, hyaline, bearded with long white hairs on the apical part. Petals arising slightly above the sepals, 3/4 lin. long, very narrow, linear, obtuse, whitish, hyaline, rather densely bearded with long white hairs, glandless or one of them with a very minute black gland at the apex. Ovary trigonous; style trifid to 2/3 the way down. Male flowers pedicellate. Sepals 3, free, 1/2 lin. long, linear, obtuse, whitish, densely bearded with white hairs. Stipes between the sepals and petals 1/4 lin. long. Petals 1/4 lin. long or less, oblong, obtuse, whitish, densely fringed with white hairs, and with a black gland just below the apex. Anthers white. Capsule 1/3 lin. in diam. Seeds ellipsoid, apiculate, brown.

Robust aquatic perennial; capitula densely white-papillose, to 14 mm. diam.


Lib.: Mouth of Loffa R., Grand Cape Mount (Dec.) Baldwin 10946! Genne Tanyehun, Grand Cape Mount (Dec.) Baldwin 10091! Kakatown Whyte! Nimba (Dec.) Adames 808!

Port. G.: Boé, Madina (Feb.) Pereira 2999!

Mali: Banankoro (Mar.) Chev. 524! Sikasso (May) Chev. 803!

S. L.: Afzelius! York (Apr.) Adames 206! Tawia Deighton 1031! Gbangabatok (Jan.) Capstick in Hb. Deighton 5301! Magbema (Mar.) Jordan 427! Farangbaya Crisp Al! Bandakafaia (Oct.) Jaeger 8096!

Sierra Leone in a rivulet near Vatemba Road, Barter! in a rivulet near Freetown, Don! and without precise locality, Vogel!

Guin.: Conakry (Jan.) Dalz. 8247! Dalaba (Oct., Nov., Mar.) des Abbayes 699! Adames 416! Langdale-Brown 2638!


in Rees, Cyclop. 13 (1819); F.T.A. 8: 243; Ruhland in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 30: 78 (1903).

in Rees, Cyclop. xiii. —Britten in Journ. Bot. 1900, 482.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Zambia
  • West Tropical Africa Benin
  • Burkina
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Zaire


  • 1 Phillips, S.M. (2011). Flore du Cameroun 38: 1-35. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique (Mesres), Yaoundé.
  • 2 Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • 4 Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • 5 R.d. Meikle (1968) Eriocaulaceae. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3 (1)
  • 6 (By N. E. Brown.) (1902) Eriocauleæ. Flora of Tropical Africa 8 (0)

 Information From

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora of Tropical Africa
Flora of Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
  • C All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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