Fuirena umbellata Rottb.
  • Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 70 (1773) 


Notes: Distribution: Trop. & Subtrop.

General Description

Generally robust, often with the lowermost internode of the flowering stems becoming swollen; common on river banks and other moist places.

Hairy, at least the glumes. Rhizome stout, horizontal, woody. Stems 1 1/2–5 ft. long, robust, with nodes throughout their length. Leaves up to 6 by 1/2 in., less often 1/4 in. broad. Panicle long oblong, often with many axillary compound corymbs and 200–600 spikelets. Spikelets 1/4– 1/3 by 1/8– 1/6 in., green or dull chestnut-coloured. Glumes elliptic; keel excurrent in a curved bristle. Hypogynous bristles: outer 3 (sepals) linear, small or 0; inner 3 as long as the nut, obovate truncate, sessile or hardly clawed. Style linear; branches 3, linear. Nut about 1/2 the length of the glume, triquetrous, ovoid, acuminate at the top and at the base, smooth, pallid, ultimately brown; beak small, cylindric, very narrow.

Habitat

; common on river banks and other moist places.

Distribution

Loango near Chinchoco, Soyaux, 201!

Lib.: Robertsport, Grand Cape Mount Dist. (Dec.) Baldwin 10905! Zigida, Vonjama Dist. (Oct.) Baldwin 9996! Palilah, Gbanga Dist. (Aug.) Baldwin 9164! Ganta, Sanokwele Dist. (Oct.) Harley 731! Harper, Maryland Dist. (June) Baldwin 5997!

British East Africa Jur; Jur Ghattas, Schweinfurth, 2192! 2407! Niamniam; Yubbo River, Schweinfurth, 3724! Madi, Speke & Grant, 721!

Cameroons Cameroon River, Mann, 777! Yaunde, Zenker & Staudt, 632! Zenker, 1512!

Niger Nupe, Barter, 418! 1016! Niger Delta; Nun River, Vogel, 43! 61!

Lagos Abeokuta, Irving!

Congo Lutete, 1800 ft., Hens, 198! Kisantu, Gillet, 368! and without precise locality, Smith, 324!

Nyasaland Tanganyika Plateau, at Fort Hill, 3500–4000 ft., Whyte! Mbame Hill, 3000 ft., Kirk! Shire Highlands, Buchanan, 9! and without precise locality, Buchanan, 1133! Whyte, 75!

U. Volta: Comoé falls (Sept.) Adam 15247! Bouassi to Kouéré (July) Scholz 314!

W. Cam.: Cameroon R. (Feb.) Mann 777! Bamenda (Feb.) Daramola FHI 40490! Nkom to Wum, Bamenda (July) Ujor FHI 29299!

Dah.: Cabolé (June) Annet 64! Porto Novo (Jan., Sept.) Chev. 22711! Adjanohoun 355!

S. Nig.: Lagos (Jan.) Haines 91! Oyo to Ilora (July) Keay & Stanfield FHI 46313! Ajagbododu, Benin (Aug.) Wright 53! Sapoba (July) Kershaw 900404! Abonnema, Niger Delta (Nov.) Anderson 1412! Calabar (June) Tuley 69!

Senegal Perrottet, 814!

Ghana: Atwabo Fishlock 33 of 1931! Ejura (Aug.) Hall CC 303! Kete Krachi (Apr.) Morton GC 9110! Yendi to Tamale (Dec.) Adams & Akpabla 4125! Sawla to Wa (Oct.) Rose Innes GC 32396! Gambaga Marton!

Iv. C.: Banco forest Bégué 130! Grand Bassam (Sept.) de Wit 7395! Songon Agban to Dabou (Feb.) Leeuwenberg 2640! Orumbo-Boka Mt., Toumodi (Dec.) Boughey A13! Ferkessédougou (Nov.) Leeuwenberg 2019!

N. Nig.: Abinsi (June) Dalz. 817! Lokoja (Apr.) Haines 24! Bida to Badeggi (Aug.) Onochie FHI 35422! Nupe Barter 418! Naraguta, Jos Plateau (Aug.) Lawlor & Hall FHI 46643! Sokoto Moiser! Gurum, Vogel Peak, Sardauna Prov. (Nov.) Hepper 1263!

Guin.: Sambaïlo (Oct.) Pitot! Friguiagbé (May) Boismaré 240! Dalaba (Nov.) des Abbayes 837! Kouroussa (Aug.) Pobéguin 403! Nzérékoré to Beyla (May) Pitot!

Liberia Bassa Cove, Ansell!

Zanzibar Kuntze, 285!

Togo Rep.: Palime Stage 83! Lomé (June) Mahoux 2020! Atakpamé (Aug.) Mahoux 2162! Sokodé Mahoux 2164! Sansanné-Mango (Oct., Nov.) Bille TG 363!

Angola Golungo Alto; by streams near Golungo Alto and Sange, Welwitsch, 7121! Pungo Andongo; near the River Cuanza, Welwitsch, 7120!

S. L.: Mano Salija (Dec.) Deighton 461! Tisana, Bonthe I. (Nov.) Deighton 2320! Njala (July) Deighton 1164! Kumrabai (Dec.) Thomas 6918! Koinadugu Dist. (Aug.) Haswell 253! Mt. Loma (Sept.) Jaeger 2027!

Guinea Isert! Jardin!

Mali: Sekoro (Jan.) Chev. 251! Koulouba, nr. Bamako (Nov.) Jaeger 77! Sotuba (Nov.) J. & A. Raynal 5163! Kabala (July) Roberty 2439! Sikasso (Feb.) Roberty 3439!

Congo Kassai River, Luja, 218!

Sierra Leone by the Kabele River, Scott-Elliot, 4929! and without precise locality, Afzelius!

German East Africa Zanguebar, Kirk! Tanga, Holst, 2028!

Sen.: L. Youi (Nov.) Pitot! Sangalkam (Jan.) Berhaut 2634! Niokolo-Koba Adam 15955! Santamba, nr. Toubacouta (Oct.) Monod 8528! Kolda, Casamance (May) Rivière!

Gam.: (Aug.) Ruxton 85!

Island of St. Thomas Don!

Literature

Descr. et Ic. 70, t. 19, fig. 3. —Kunth, Enum. ii. 185; Benth. in Hook. Niger Fl. 553; Boeck. in Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 545, in Linnæa, xxxvii. 110, and in Flora, 1879, 566; Oliver in Trans. Linn. Soc. xxix. 168; C. B. Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vi. 666, and in Durand & Schinz, Conspect. Fl. Afr. v. 648; Henriques in Bolet. Soc. Brot. v. 209; Durand & Schinz, Études Fl. Congo, i. 308; K. Schum. in Engl. Pfl. Ost-Afr. C. 126; Durand & De Wild. Comptes-rendus Soc. bot. Belg. xxxvi. 90; Urban, Symb. Antill. ii. 97; Rendle in Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. ii. 129.

Descr. et Ic. Pl. 70, t. 19, f. 3 (1773); F.T.A. 8: 466; Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 359 (1967).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Chad
  • Ethiopia
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Malawi
  • Southern Africa Botswana
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • West Tropical Africa Benin
  • Burkina
  • Gambia, The
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Togo
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Gabon
  • Gulf of Guinea Is.
  • Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Madagascar
  • Mauritius
  • Réunion
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Tibet
  • Eastern Asia Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Malaya
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Australasia Australia Northern Territory
  • Queensland
  • Western Australia
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Marianas
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Brazil West-Central
  • Caribbean Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Leeward Is.
  • Puerto Rico
  • Trinidad-Tobago
  • Venezuelan Antilles
  • Windward Is.
  • Central America Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panamá
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Paraguay
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • 3 Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • 4 Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • 5 Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • 6 Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 7 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 8 Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • 9 Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • 10 Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 11 Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • 12 Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau). Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • 13 Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • 14 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • 15 Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo , ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • 16 Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni). Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • 17 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 18 Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • 19 Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F..
  • 20 Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • 21 Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A..

 Information From

Flora of Tropical Africa
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
WCS higher taxonomy
  • C All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.