Musa L.
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753)
  • bananer

This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Perennial giant herbs from a branching corm-like rhizome; each shoot dying after flowering. Leaves very large; sheaths imbricate, forming a pseudostem up to 4 m. high; lamina oblong.


Sp.Pl.: 1043 (1753) & Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 466 (1754); K. Schum. in E.P.IV. 45: 13 (1900); H. Stover & Simm., Bananas, ed.3 (1987)

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Tibet
  • Eastern Asia Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia Bismarck Archipelago
  • New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Australasia Australia Queensland
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific New Caledonia
  • Samoa
  • Santa Cruz Is.
Introduced into
  • Africa Macaronesia Canary Is.
  • Middle Atlantic Ocean Ascension
  • West Tropical Africa Burkina
  • Gambia, The
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Senegal
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Central African Republic
  • Gulf of Guinea Is.
  • Western Indian Ocean Chagos Archipelago
  • Mauritius
  • Réunion
  • Asia-Temperate Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Western Asia Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Maldives
  • West Himalaya
  • Europe Southwestern Europe Spain
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Alabama
  • Florida
  • Pacific North-Central Pacific Hawaii
  • South-Central Pacific Cook Is.
  • Line Is.
  • Society Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific Fiji
  • Niue
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Southern America Caribbean Leeward Is.
  • Puerto Rico
  • Central America Costa Rica
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Southern South America Juan Fernández Is.
  • Western South America Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

Included Species

Common Names



  • 1 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 J.M.Lock (1993) Musaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 0 (0)
  • 3 Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet;
OpenUp Common Names
Common Names from the OpenUp! Common Names Service
  • B All Rights Reserved
WCS higher taxonomy
  • D All Rights Reserved
  • E
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • F See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.