Strelitzia reginae 


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

stemless; leaves oblong-lanceolate, acute, cuneate at the base, up to 1 1/2 ft. long and 4 in. wide, entire, undulate especially in the lower part, quite glabrous, bright green above, glaucescent beneath; petiole up to 4 ft. long; peduncle as long as the petiole; bracts tubular, oblique and acute at the mouth, uppermost one cymbiform, acuminate, up to 8 in. long, green, edged with purple; sepals lanceolate, 3–4 in. long, orange-yellow; petals dark blue, blade of the two lower 2 in. long, with a rounded basal auricle, claw 1 in. long; upper petal ovate, 1 in. long; stamens reaching to the top of the longer petals; anthers narrowly linear, twice as long as the filaments; style exserted, with 3 linear branches 1 in. long.

Distribution

South Africa Humansdorp Div.; Gamtoos River, {i}Thunberg{/i}. Bathurst Div.; Glenfilling, under 1000 ft., {i}Drège{/i}. Var. ζ, Uitenhage Div.; rocky heights of Uitenhage, {i}Bowie{/i}. Albany Div.; between Blaauw Kranz to Kowie Poort, {i}Burchell{/i}, 3670! near the Kowie River, {i}Bowie{/i}. Bathurst Div.; Fish River, under 1000 ft., {i}Drège{/i}! South-west of Cape Colony, {i}Masson, Nelson{/i}. King Williamstown Div.; banks of the Keiskamma River, nearly 7 miles from the mouth, {i}Gill{/i}!

South Africa Pondoland; between Umtata River and St. Johns River, under 1000 ft., {i}Drège{/i}.

Literature

in Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1, i. 285, t. 2;—Thunb. Nov. Gen. 113, Prodr. 46, and Fl. Cap. ed. Schult. 216; Bauer, Strelitzia, tt. 6–9; Redouté, Liliac. tt. 77–78; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Documente, 141, 150; Otto in Allg. Gartenz. 1856, 17; Lemaire in Ill. Hort. x. (1863), Misc. 25; Baker in Ann. Bot. vii. 201; K. Schum. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Musac. 31.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • KwaZulu-Natal
Introduced into
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Bangladesh
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Northeast
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • Southern America Southern South America Juan Fernández Is.

  Bibliography

  • 1 Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Albano, P.-O. (2003). La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence.

 Information From

Flora Capensis
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora Capensis. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
WCS higher taxonomy
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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