Tillandsia capitata 
  • Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub.: 255 (1866)


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Plant stemless, 2-5 dm high. Leaves densely rosulate, curved, equaling or exceeding the inflorescence when extended, densely and coarsely pale-appressed-lepidote throughTillandsioideae 1003 out; sheaths broadly ovate or elliptic, to 9 cm long, ferruginous; blades narrowly triangular, attenuate, 1-3 cm wide at the base, involute-subulate toward the apex. Scape erect or ascending, 6 mm in diameter; scape-bracts densely imbricate, foliaceous, their blades exceeding the inflorescence or spreading to reflexed, the upper ones subinvolucrate below the inflorescence, usually tinged with red. Inflorescence depauperate-compound or pseudo-simple and polystichous-flowered, densely capitate, ellipsoid, 4-7 cm long; primary bracts like the upper scape-bracts but with very short blades, much exceeding the axillary spikes; spikes sessile, ovate, densely 1-5-flowered with 1 or 2 sterile bracts at the base, complanate. Floral bracts ovate, acute, to 35 mm long, equaling the sepals, carinate, chartaceous, lepidote at least toward the apex; flowers subsessile. Sepals lance-oblong, acute, membranaceous, carinate and short-connate posteriorly; petals tubular-erect, narrow, 35-50 mm long, blue; stamens exserted. Capsule slenderly cylindric, acute, 27 mm long.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Northwest
  • Mexico Southwest
  • Southern America Caribbean Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Central America Honduras

  Bibliography

  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • 3 Espejo-Serna, A., López-Ferrari, A.R., Martínez-Correa, N. & Pulido-Esparza, V.A. (2007). Bromeliad flora of Oaxaca, Mexico: richness and distribution. Acta Botanica Mexicana 81: 71-147. Instituto de Ecología A.C..
  • 4 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 5 Pulido-Esparza, V.A., López-Ferrari, A.R. & Espejo-Serna, A. (2004). Flora Bromeliológia del estado de Guerrero, México: riqueza y distribución. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de México 75: 55-104.
  • 6 Smith, L.B. & Downs, R.J. Bromeliaceae (Tillandsioideae). Flora Neotropica Monograph 14(2), 663-1492 (New York: Hafner Press.: 1977).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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