Tillandsia foliosa 
  • M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10(1): 119 (1843)

This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Plant stemless, flowering 4 dm high. Leaves many in a dense utriculate rosette, 4-5 dm long; sheaths broadly ovate or elliptic, 1 dm long, brown, densely and finely appressed-brown-lepidote; blades linear-triangular, subfiliform-attenuate, 15 mm wide at the base, glabrous above, densely pale-appressed-lepidote beneath. Scape erect or ascending, slender, glabrous; scape-bracts erect, imbricate, elliptic with elongate divergent to reflexed foliaceous blades, chartaceous, lepidote, red. Inflorescence compound with simple branches, subcylindric, 15-30 cm long, dense toward the apex, interrupted toward the base; primary bracts enfolding and concealing the axillary spikes, submembranaceous, the lower ones like the scape-bracts, the upper merely acute; spikes subsessile with a sterile bract at base, narrowly lanceolate in outline, acute, 2-5 cm long, complanate, 4-6-flowered. Floral bracts erect, densely imbricate, elliptic, broadly acute or obtuse, 16-19 mm long, about equaling the sepals, carinate, subcoriaceous, even, glabrous; flowers subsessile. Sepals lanceolate, obtuse, coriaceous, even, glabrous, much connate posteriorly; petals tubular-erect, narrow, 4 cm long, violet; stamens and pistil exserted.


Saxicolous and epiphytic, rocks and forest, central Mexico.


MEXICO. VERA CRUZ: Zacuapan, Apr 1913, Purpus 6347 (UC); 1913,6421 (UC); May 1919,8219 (GH, MO, Barranca de Texola, Coatepec to Teocelo, 16 Apr 1952, Moore 6280 (BH, US); 20 Apr 1959, Van Hyning 5973 (US); Coatepec, 11 Apr 1957, Foster & Van Hyning 3001 (US). OAXACA: Cerroz Nariz, Usila, Tuxtepec, 19 Apr 1939, Schultes & Reko 664 (GH). WITHOUT LOCALITY: Purpus 8879 (GH, F, MO, NY, UC, US).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Southwest


  • 1 Espejo-Serna, A., López-Ferrari, A.R., Martínez-Correa, N. & Pulido-Esparza, V.A. (2007). Bromeliad flora of Oaxaca, Mexico: richness and distribution. Acta Botanica Mexicana 81: 71-147. Instituto de Ecología A.C..
  • 2 Espejo-Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (2005). Bromeliaceae. Flora de Veracruz 136: 1-307. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos, Xalapa, Veracruz.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Smith, L.B. & Downs, R.J. Bromeliaceae (Tillandsioideae). Flora Neotropica Monograph 14(2), 663-1492 (New York: Hafner Press.: 1977).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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