Typha L.
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 971 (1753)
  • Рогоз


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Stout glabrous marsh herbs with sympodial branched rhizomes covered by distichous cataphylls and having terminal erect shoots. Lower leaves transitional, short-bladed; upper leaves with a long sheath closely enveloping the stem, often auricled at the junction with the blade, and a linear obtuse or acute blade gradually widening from a narrow subpetiolar base, semi-cylindric to lenticular in section, sometimes keeled beneath. Male inflorescence apical, dense; flowers reduced to a pedicellate group of 2–4(–7) stamens with the filaments fused below; anthers dithecous, oblong, with the connective produced above; bracteoles filiform, spathulate or spathulate-laciniate; pollen grains shed singly or in tetrads. Female inflorescence a single spike beneath the ?, remote from it or contiguous, rarely with 1 or 2 additional ? spikes remote from each other beneath the first; flowers with the perigonous hairs and bracteoles of similar length, the styles conspicuously longer; bracteoles filiform, broadening into an expanded ovate or spathulate lamina; carpodia about as long as the bracteoles. Follicle narrowly ellipsoid; seed fusiform.

Literature

Sp. Pl.: 971 (1753) & Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 418 (1754); Schnizlein, Typhaceae(1845); Rohrbach in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 11: 67–104 (1870)

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Macaronesia Azores
  • Canary Is.
  • Cape Verde
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Chad
  • Djibouti
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • Northern Africa Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Botswana
  • Cape Provinces
  • Free State
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Lesotho
  • Namibia
  • Northern Provinces
  • Swaziland
  • West Tropical Africa Benin
  • Burkina
  • Gambia, The
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Togo
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Gabon
  • Rwanda
  • Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Mauritius
  • Réunion
  • Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Yemen
  • Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • China China North-Central
  • China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Manchuria
  • Qinghai
  • Tibet
  • Xinjiang
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Kirgizistan
  • Tadzhikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Mongolia Mongolia
  • Russian Far East Amur
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Kuril Is.
  • Primorye
  • Sakhalin
  • Siberia Altay
  • Buryatiya
  • Chita
  • Irkutsk
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Tuva
  • West Siberia
  • Yakutskiya
  • Western Asia Afghanistan
  • Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Sinai
  • Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Philippines
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Australasia Australia New South Wales
  • Norfolk Is.
  • Northern Territory
  • Queensland
  • South Australia
  • Tasmania
  • Victoria
  • Western Australia
  • New Zealand Kermadec Is.
  • New Zealand North
  • New Zealand South
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • East European Russia
  • Krym
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Finland
  • Great Britain
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Baleares
  • Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
  • Northern America Eastern Canada New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward I.
  • Québec
  • Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Northeast
  • Mexico Northwest
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode I.
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Wyoming
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. Arizona
  • California
  • Nevada
  • Utah
  • Subarctic America Alaska
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon
  • Western Canada Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Pacific South-Central Pacific Society Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific Fiji
  • New Caledonia
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil West-Central
  • Caribbean Bahamas
  • Bermuda
  • Cayman Is.
  • Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Leeward Is.
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • Puerto Rico
  • Southwest Caribbean
  • Trinidad-Tobago
  • Venezuelan Antilles
  • Central America Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • Honduras
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Argentina Northwest
  • Argentina South
  • Paraguay
  • Uruguay
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
Introduced into
  • Africa Western Indian Ocean Chagos Archipelago
  • Australasia New Zealand Chatham Is.
  • Pacific North-Central Pacific Hawaii

Common Names

NameLanguage
РогозRussian
dunkjevleslektaNorwegian Bokmål
dunkjevleslekta
osmankäämitFinnish
kaveldunSwedish
палкиUkrainian
kaveldunSwedish
BulrushesEnglish
ситницяUkrainian
dunkjevleslektaNorwegian Nynorsk
dunkjevlefamilienNorwegian Nynorsk
dunkjevlefamilienNorwegian Bokmål
BulrushEnglish
ReedmaceEnglish

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/efloras/
OpenUp Common Names
http://openup.nhm-wien.ac.at/commonNames/
Common Names from the OpenUp! Common Names Service
  • B All Rights Reserved
families.e-monocot.org
WCS higher taxonomy
  • D All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • E See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.