Stratiotes aloides L.
  • L., Sp. Pl. : 535 (1753)

This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Plant submerged but rising to float on the water-surface at anthesis. Leaves up to 50 x 2 cm. Petals 15-25 mm, obovate-orbicular, white.

Diagnostic Description

Plant of fresh water, stems short, stoloniferous, leaves basal, sessile, linear-lanceolate, tapered to the apex, spinose-serrate, brittle. Flowers insect-pollinated above the water surface. Dioecious. Female flowers sessile, included in the spathe.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Siberia Altay
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • West Siberia
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • East European Russia
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Finland
  • Great Britain
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Bulgaria
  • Italy
  • Romania
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Spain
Introduced into
  • Europe Middle Europe Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Ireland
  • Southwestern Europe France


  • 1 Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • 2 Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • 3 Czerepanov, S.K. (1995). Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR): 1-516. Cambridge University Press.
  • 4 Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • 5 Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • 6 Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • 7Dandy, J.E. Stratiotes L. Flora Europaea 5, 4 (1980).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
  • B

    © Cambridge University Press 1980

    All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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