Zostera marina L.
  • L., Sp. Pl. : 968 (1753)


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Leaves on non-flowering shoots 20-50(-120) cm x (2-)5-12 mm, dark green, with rounded, often mucronate apex, those on flowering stems usually narrower; sheaths closed, splitting irregularly when old. Flowering stems up to 80(-150) cm, terminal, much-branched. Retinacula absent, except rarely in the lowest flower. Stigma twice as long as style. Fruit 3-3.5 mm, ellipsoid.

Habitat

On fine gravel, sand or mud, from low water neap tides down to c. 10 m.

Distribution

Coasts of most of Europe.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Algeria
  • Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • China China North-Central
  • Manchuria
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Russian Far East Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Magadan
  • Primorye
  • Sakhalin
  • Western Asia East Aegean Is.
  • Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Krym
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Belgium
  • Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Finland
  • Føroyar
  • Great Britain
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Baleares
  • Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
  • Northern America Eastern Canada New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward I.
  • Québec
  • Mexico Mexican Pacific Is.
  • Mexico Northwest
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • Rhode I.
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Oregon
  • Washington
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Delaware
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. California
  • Subarctic America Alaska
  • Aleutian Is.
  • Greenland
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon
  • Western Canada British Columbia
  • Southern America Caribbean Bermuda
  • Central America Central American Pacific Is.
  • Honduras

  Bibliography

  • 1 Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 17: 1-298. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • 2 Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • 3 Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 4 Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • 5 Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • 6 Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • 7 Kuo, J. & de Hertog, C. (2001). Seagrass taxonomy and identification key. Global Seagrass Research Methods: 31-78. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
  • 8 Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (2000). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(9-11): 1-337. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F..
  • 9 Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2000). Flora of North America North of Mexico 22: 1-352. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • 10 Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • 11 Moran, R. (1996). The flora of Guadalupe island, Mexico. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 19: 1-190.
  • 12 Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • 13 Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • 14 Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C..
  • 15 Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • 16 Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • 17 Den Hartog, C. (1970). The sea-grasses of the world. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Sectie 59(1): 1-275.
  • 18 Sachet, M.-H. (1962). Flora and vegetation of Clipperton island. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences , IV, 31: 249-307.
  • 19 Maire, R. (1952). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 1: 1-366. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • 20 Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • 21 Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • 22Tutin, T.G. Zostera L. Flora Europaea 5, 12 (1980).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
  • B

    © Cambridge University Press 1980

    All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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