Canthium zanzibaricum Klotzsch
  • W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 291 (1861) 

General Description

A much branched, sometimes scandent, unarmed shrub. Branches subterete or obtusely 4-sided, glabrous, greenish, at length whitish, patent. Leaves ovate or oval, obtusely acuminate or attenuate-acute, rather unequal and obtuse, usually rounded or somewhat hollowed at the base, coriaceous, glabrous or nearly so, rather paler beneath, 1 1/2–4 1/2 by 1–2 1/4 in.; lateral veins about 6–8 pairs, sometimes rather hairy in the axils; petiole 1/5– 1/2 in., glabrous; stipules lanceolate-subulate from a broad base, glabrate, 1/6– 1/4 in., caducous or subpersistent. Flowers 1/5– 1/4 in. long, 5–4-merous, white, on hispidulous pedicels of 1/12– 1/3 in., many together in dense dichotomous panicles of 1–2 in. diameter.; common peduncle 1/5– 2/3 in., hispidulous or glabrate; bracteoles ovate or lanceolate, acute, small, ciliolate. Calyx-tube hispidulous or nearly glabrous, campanulate-turbinate; limb dentate; teeth small, ciliolate. Corolla-throat pubescent; lobes subobtuse. Disk somewhat hairy. Stigma calyptriform, much exserted; style pubescent (except the variety). Fruit didymous or dimidiate, 3/8– 1/2 in. long; albumen ruminated; embryo nearly straight.

Straggling shrub 10-30 ft. high; flowers white.


Zanzibar Peters! Hildebrandt! Nazimoio, Kirk!

[Br.] Cam.: Bafachu, Bamenda Johnstone 261! Bamenda (fr. May) Vjor FHI 30363!

Ghana: Black Volta R. (fl. & fr. Mar.) Kitson 679!

S. L.: Kambaia (Oct.) Small 471! Mabonto (Oct.) Thomas 3539! Mafombo (Sept.) Deighton 3058!

Bongo Schweinfurth!


in Peters Mossamb. p. 291.

in Peters Reise Mossamb. Bot. 291 (1861); F.T.A. 3: 138; Bullock l.c. 373.


  • 1 Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical Africa
Flora of Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa. Published on the Internet;
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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