Bromus sterilis 
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 77 (1753)


This taxon is accepted by WCS higher taxonomy

General Description

Stems 5-100 cm, glabrous, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaves 5-20 cm x 2-6 mm, flaccid, softly hairy; sheaths pubescent. Panicle 10- 20 × 7-12 cm, very lax; branches mostly much longer than the spikelets, patent or nodding, with 1(-3) spikelets; spikelets 20-35 × 4-8 mm, scabrid, compressed, hairy or glabrous, cuneate, with 5-9 florets. Lower glume 6-14 mm, subulate, the upper 10-20 mm, linear-lanceolate. Lemma 14-20 x 2-4 mm, narrowly lanceolate, with acute apical teeth 1-3 mm; awn 15-30 mm, slender, straight, usually longer than lemma. Palea almost equalling lemma. Stamens 3; anthers 1 mm.

Distribution

S., W. & C. Europe, extending to S. Sweden. All except Az Fa Is Rs (N, C) Sb, but only as an alien in Fe and Rs (B).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Algeria
  • Egypt (Doubtful)
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Kirgizistan
  • Tadzhikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Siberia Krasnoyarsk
  • Western Asia Afghanistan
  • Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Turkey
  • Europe Eastern Europe Krym
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Great Britain
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Baleares
  • Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
Introduced into
  • Africa Macaronesia Madeira
  • Antarctic Subantarctic Islands Falkland Is.
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Russian Far East Primorye
  • Australasia Australia New South Wales
  • Tasmania
  • Victoria
  • New Zealand Chatham Is.
  • New Zealand North
  • New Zealand South
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Northern Europe Finland
  • Northern America Eastern Canada Ontario
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Missouri
  • Oklahoma
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode I.
  • West Virginia
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • Idaho
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Kentucky
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. Arizona
  • California
  • Nevada
  • Utah
  • Western Canada British Columbia
  • Pacific North-Central Pacific Hawaii
  • Southern America Caribbean Dominican Republic
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Argentina South
  • Chile Central
  • Chile South

  Bibliography

  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes. http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • 3 Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13. Taxon 61: 889-902.
  • 4 Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien. Haussknechtia , Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • 5 Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • 6 Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand , ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • 7 Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • 8 Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • 9 Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • 10 Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 11 Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • 12 Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 13 Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • 14 Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • 15 Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands. Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • 16 Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • 17 Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • 18 Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • 19 Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 20 Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • 21 Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • 22 Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • 23 Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • 24 Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • 25 Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • 26Smith, P.M. Bromus L. . Flora Europaea 5, 182-189 (1980).

 Information From

WCS higher taxonomy
  • A All Rights Reserved
  • B

    © Cambridge University Press 1980

    All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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