Cussonia arenicola Strey
  • Bothalia 11: 194 (1973) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Mozambique, N. KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov.

General Description

Shrubs of 1–2 m. tall with a single trunk rising from tubers spaced at intervals along a root or rhizome. Leaves digitately compound, glabrous, generally similar to those of C. spicata. Petiole up to 25 cm. long, glabrous. Leaflets 4–7(12), 6–18 cm. long, slightly coriaceous, broadly elliptic to oblanceolate; apex acute to rounded and sometimes emarginate; decurrent deltate wings present as in C. spicata. Margins entire to undulate to slightly and irregularly serrate. Inflorescence a group of (5)8–15(23) dense spike-like racemes, with peduncles 3–18 cm. long and with basal bracts up to 1 cm. long. Flowers with pedicels 0–2(4) mm. long, floral bracts c. 2 mm. long. Calyx forming a fairly prominent cup, stylopodium depressed-conical compared to that of C. zuluensis (8) and less conspicuous in fruit. Fruit broadly ovoid, 4 × 4 mm., glabrous; axis and pedicels elongating little, if at all, at maturity.


habit: shrub


Apparently confined to coastal sand dunes, but occasionally occurring further inland in open woodland on sandy soils.


Mozambique between Vilanculos and Mapinhane, fl. 1.ix.1942, Mendonça 67 (LISC).

Mozambique Inhaca I., Delagoa Bay, 1&.middot;6 km. S. of Marine Station, Inhaca, fl. & fr. 31.viii.1959, Watmough 305 (LISC; SRGH).


in Bothalia 11: 194, t. 2 & 3 (1973).—Bamps in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 44: 108 (1974). Type from Natal.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa South Tropical Africa Mozambique
  • Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • KwaZulu-Natal


  • 1 Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.

 Information From

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca. Published on the Internet;
WCS higher taxonomy
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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